|Machines of Nature and Corporeal Substances in Leibniz|
Smith / Nachtomy
2010, 200 S, 6 Tab, Gb, (Springer)
In recent decades, there has been much scholarly controversy as to the basic ontological commitments of the philosopher Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716). The old picture of his thought as strictly idealistic, or committed to the ultimate reduction of bodies to the activity of mind, has come under attack, but Leibniz's precise conceptualization of bodies, and the role they play in his system as a whole, is still the subject of much controversy. One thing that has become clear is that in order to understand the nature of body in Leibniz, and the role body plays in his philosophy, it is crucial to pay attention to the related concepts of organism and of corporeal substance, the former being Leibniz's account of the structure of living bodies (which turn out, for him, to be the only sort of bodies there are), and the latter being an inheritance from the Aristotelian hylomorphic tradition which Leibniz appropriates for his own ends.
This volume brings together papers from many of the leading scholars of Leibniz's thought, all of which deal with the cluster of questions surrounding Leibniz's philosophy of body.
|Preface; Dan Garber.- Introduction; Justin E. H. Smith and Ohad Nachtomy.- 1. Leibniz vs. Stahl on the Way Machines of Nature Operate; François Duchesneau.- 2. Leibnizs Animals: Where Teleology Meets Mechanism; Glenn Hartz.- 3. Monads and Machines; Pauline Phemister.- 4. Leibniz on Artificial and Natural Machines: or What it Means to 'Remain a Machine to the Least of its Parts'; Ohad Nachtomy.- 5. The Organic vs. the Living in the Light of Leibnizs Aristotelianisms; Enrico Pasini.- 6. The Machine Analogy in Medicine: A Comparative Approach to Leib-niz and His Contemporaries; Raphaële Andrault.- 7. Sennert and Leibniz on Animate Atoms; Andreas Blank.- 8. Continuity or Discontinuity? Some Remarks on Leibniz's Concepts of Substantia Vivens and Organism; Antonio Nunziante.- 9. The Organism, or the Machine of Nature: Some Remarks on the Status of Organism in the Substantial Composition; Jeanne Roland.- 10. Action, Perception, Organisation; Anne-Lise Rey.- 11. Perceiving Machines: Leibniz's Teleological Approach to Perception; Evelyn Vargas.- Bibliography.- Name Index.- Subject Index.|